Butterfly effect 3 bartender name free

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Log In Sign Up. What do you need help on? Cancel X. Would you recommend this Guide? Yes No Hide. Send Skip Hide. Message Sent. Once, they subdued countless hordes of demons, and saved the world And then vanished источник статьи it And one butterfly effect 3 bartender name free, so they say, they will return to save the world again However, as peace and prosperity came, the legend was forgotten The world of Man was once again prosperous.

The peaceful times butterfly effect 3 bartender name free brought stability to the nations came to an end. An era of division and war began And the names of the Seven were butterfly effect 3 bartender name free once more War has broken out across the continent, spurred on by the mysterious motives of the Seven. The few remaining kingdoms struggle to survive the monstrous onslaught. In the far northwest corner of the world lies the small kingdom of Avalon.

Its rulers have been chosen for a great destiny You are the heirs of the Imperial Dynasty. All of them. Romancing SaGa II is a generational game, butterfly effect 3 bartender name free means that there is no one main character throughout the entire game.

When your party is wiped out, or you complete certain scenarios, you will have to choose an heir out of the four warriors presented to you. After a major scenario, or a few of minor ones, there will be a generation shift. Many years pass usually more than a century or twoand you choose a new Emperor. HP and skill butterfly effect 3 bartender name free are gained at the end of a battle.

WP and JP levels are dependant on a character’s weapon and magic levels, respectively. On average, you gain 3 WP for each weapon level and magic level.

At higher levels though, this isn’t as accurate as described. Thanks go out to Zach Keene for pointing this out to me. Swords and Great Swords are primarily slicing damage; Spears and Epees are piercing damage; Staves, Axes, and Martial Arts are primarily crushing damage. Bows are, of coursemissile damage. When you are fighting in the wild, you’ll have to take a weapon’s damage type into account before you decide to use it.

For example, skeletal monsters take little damage from piercing attacks, but a lot of damage from crushing damage. Plants take more from Axes, flying monsters are weak against bows, and slime type monsters take practically no damage from crushing attacks. You might want to equip more than one type of weapon on each of your warriors, in case you run into a situation where they would otherwise be useless. Techniques can be taught by the Technique Instructors in Avalon Castle second generation and later.

In order for them to have a tech available, it has to have been learned in a previous generation. Techniques that are learned in the current generation cannot be shared, but more than one person can potentially learn them in battle. Once a full generation passes more than one year passesALL techniques learned in that generation go to the instructors, even if that technique was lost because a character died.

Each has their own particular strengths, including offensive, defensive, support, and healing magics. At first, you will only have access to a few spells in Fire, Water, Wind and Light magics. After you build the Magic Research Center, you can access Earth magic, as well as develop new magics of each type, teach magic to non-magician адрес страницы, and develop combination spells using two different elements.

Light Magic can be taught after the Tactician class is unlocked. Dark magic requires a certain choice to be made later in the game, so you may or may not want to pursue it. Starting levels for weapons and magic and learning magic as well are determined by the global levels for that ability. Generally, the more you fight, the more your characters’ personal levels will go up, and the more the global levels will increase.

Higher global levels mean better stats from the приведенная ссылка you recruit the character, including HP, WP, and JP as butterfly effect 3 bartender name free as better fighting skill in their chosen weapons. Your main source of money is the Imperial Treasury. Money goes into the Treasury in two ways: either you find treasure to add to it whenever you find a chest with an obscene amount of money in itor you gain money from taxes.

The amount you get in tax is based on how many regions you’ve added to the Empire. You can ask the Tax Officer in Avalon Castle what the current amount received is. Every time you win a battle, that amount is added to your treasury.

What do you do with all that money? ADD: apparently the money you get from taxes is tallied every time you get in a battle, not just when you win one. So technically, you can get into battle and run away, and still get the money. However, the enemy levels are ALSO determined by number of battles total including those you run away fromso if you do this too much to gain money, the monsters may level up faster than you do They’re offered to you for approval occasionally at the start of a generation, but you can also talk to the Chancellor about them if you sit on the throne a few times this might take a while, and only works for one project per generation.

The Magic Research Center costs 1, crowns, Avalon University costs 2, crowns, the Imperial Guards costcrowns, and the Heroes’ Quarter costs 3, crowns. Finally, there’s the battle system. All formations give certain pluses and minuses to speed, except for three: Dragon Tail all characters attack after EmperorInazuma where all characters attack in reverse order after 5th butterfly effect 3 bartender name freeand Rapid Stream all characters attack before enemy.

Defending and running away are controlled by the L and R buttons, respectively. Note that ONLY the Emperor in your party can call for retreat, so if that character is unconscious, paralyzed, or otherwise disabled, you cannot run away from battle. The X button makes you exit a building, town, or area of the map. It’s a quick way to leave a peaceful area. The Y button lets you run. However, you can’t see enemies while running, and if you run into one, then it’s an automatic surprise battle party fights in Free Fight formation.

New techniques are learned by using weapons in battle. There’s always butterfly effect 3 bartender name free certain chance of learning a technique whenever you attack, but an individual’s chances vary from character to character, and some techniques are harder to get than others.

Characters usually specialize in certain weapon types, generally the ones that they come with, and can learn techniques more easily from that particular weapon type. The little pictures on the lower-right corner of the status screen shows you what that character currently has a defense against. The first four are physical defense cut, bash, stab, missile butterfly effect 3 bartender name free, and the second for are magical defense fire, ice, lightning, and status. Pressing the A button here will give you a sub-menu Equipment, Techniques, Spells.

These sections are also accessible from the main menu. This is where you go to use recovery items outside of battle. Also, you can see the defensive properties of armor by selecting them once on this screen. Select an item once to move its position on the screen rather pointlessor select twice to have it changed for something else. Note that you have four spaces for weapons and healing potions, and four for armor, shields and accessories.

Some characters have special equipment that cannot be removed. These appear in red as a fifth spot in the equipment list. You can take techniques off manually, but you can only put new ones on through learning them, or going to the Technique Butterfly effect 3 bartender name free in Avalon.

You cannot remove spells butterfly effect 3 bartender name free, only see what a character has available. To add or remove spells, go to the Magic Research Center. Stun cancels the target’s attack for that round. Black line appears over character’s eyes. Hit rate with physical attacks severely hampered. Character knocked unconscious, with little Z’s floating above their head. Can’t do anything for several rounds.

Wakes up when attacked. At the end of every round, poisoned characters lose a small amount of HP. Yellow stars above character’s head. Can’t move for several rounds. The butterfly effect 3 bartender name free looks similar to confusion, but without the gray clouds above their heads.

All techniques and spells are blocked. Hearts appear over head. Character attacks party, or heals enemy. Lasts several rounds. Character acts erraticly. The effect gets worse the more times it is used on a character.


Butterfly effect 3 bartender name free

When he travels back to the future he has a wife (one of the women his sister had killed), they have a young daughter they named Jenna after his sister. The. Here, the character is Sam Reide (Carmack) who poses as a psychic. He travels back in time, sees the crime happen, then returns to tell the.


The Butterfly Effect | I Choose to Stand – BANDOL T2 36 m2 in Villa PRIVATE POOL GARDEN


Dennis North Sam’s Father. Peter Malota Assailant in the Park. Emily Sutton-Smith Mother in the Park. Trevor Callaghan Son in the Park. Sonya A. Avakian Secretary. Daniel Spink Prison Guard. The Butterfly Effect 3: Revelations streaming: where to watch online? People who liked The Butterfly Effect 3: Revelations also liked. Popular movies coming soon.

Upcoming Crime movies. The Good Nurse. Carrie’s book-launch party becomes a major New York event, but Samantha’s plans to look beautiful for it go awry. Later, Charlotte loses her ‘plus one’ thanks to Bunny, while Miranda considers how long she should wait before letting men know she’s a mother. Despite getting great reviews for her book, Carrie obsesses over the negative critique Aidan must surely be spreading about her. Meanwhile, Charlotte prepares to fight for her apartment and Samantha discovers a hidden talent for baby-sitting.

After a summer of solitude, the ladies are getting desperate. Carrie’s much-anticipated weekend with Big Chris Noth ends in a surprising reversal of roles. Meanwhile, Charlotte enjoys a satisfying romp in the world of sex-without-commitment.

In the Season Five finale, the girls head to the Hamptons for the wedding of a flamboyant lounge singer played by Nathan Lane. Meanwhile, Charlotte’s clandestine affair with her lawyer takes an interesting turn, Miranda and Steve blur the line between friends and lovers, and Carrie finds a potential suitor in a motorcycle-riding colleague Ron Livingston. She fears that she’ll screw up everything by having a lousy date, thereby dooming the entire prospective relationship.

Against all odds, she is falling deeply in love with Harry, but he can’t get serious about her because she’s not Jewish. She tries everything she can think of to make him change his mind including bringing up the subject during the throes of passion , but he refuses to budge, since he promised his late mother that he would marry a Jew. Later, Charlotte begins to consider converting to Judaism for Harry.

The lovers discuss their possible future, and when Harry accepts Charlotte’s difficulty in having children, Charlotte realizes that he may be the man she’s been looking for. Miranda’s spirits plummet, and she keeps her feelings to herself. She quickly seduces her new neighbor Chip, a successful stockbroker.

Sleeping with Chip pays off well for Samantha, since whenever she becomes intimate with him, he gives her stock tips. Unfortunately, Samantha isn’t the only woman getting stock tips from Chip, and during a delicate moment, the FBI burst in and arrest the broker for insider trading. After getting balsamic vinegar in his eye and having a pigeon land on his head, Willie manages to absolutely destroy the entire tablesetting during a pratfall.

This gets Carrie even more nervous for her first date with Berger. During an afternoon talk with Miranda, she spots Berger on the street, causing her to panic and run down the street and right into Aidan The meeting is awkward, but Carrie realizes that if both she and Aidan could survive their crash, then there is nothing that she could do on a first date that couldn’t be bounced back from.

She calls Berger up, and their first date goes off without a hitch. Their first few dates are nearly flawless, and are filled with steamy displays of public affection. Unfortunately, Samantha isn’t the only woman interested in the staff. Later in the week, Sam returns to the restaurant, determined to be the last one there at the end of the night, allowing her to take the waiter home for dessert. After many hours and four courses of uncooked food , Samantha finally gets her man and soon finds out that he was worth both the wait and the wheatgrass.

Miranda’s relationship luck remains consistent consistently bad , as Magda accidentally breaks the device, leaving Miranda alone once again. Repeated attempts to fix the TiVO fail, until Steve steps in and works his magic, repairing the box while simultaneously making Miranda’s feelings for him even more clear. The conversion is easier said than done, however, as Charlotte’s attempts to meet with a rabbi are repeatedly rebuffed.

Charlotte sets out to prove herself, but winds up crashing Shabbos at the rabbi’s house. He forgives the intrusion, and invites Charlotte to observe. Unfortunately, the drinks lead to unconciousness, rather than elevated passion. The next morning, Berger and Carrie finally admit that they have a problem, and after trying some makeshift voodoo including salt tossing and shoe modelling , the two finally manage to click in bed.

While surrounded by her beaded and furry creations, the girls begin to ponder the question: how much knowledge of your steady’s past relationships is too much? The appearance of Samantha’s nameless waiter takes the evening in a new direction. Miranda continues to suppress her true feelings, lecturing a confused Steve on the importance of focus in parenting.

But doubts arise when she realizes that becoming Jewish means giving up some of her own traditions. The two resolve to be friends, as Carrie moves forward with her newly more serious relationship. I’m a Jew now.

How are you? The advice may be difficult to hear, but ultimately, Berger scores points with the girls for his honesty. Berger does not take to this light criticism well, shutting down completely, and becoming very cold to our Ms. Sometimes Jerry plays an IRS agent, other times a doctor While acting out one fantasy in a bar, Samantha is shocked by an unexpected bit of information about Jerry That puts the kibosh on the roleplaying for a while, until Jerry manages to meet up with Samantha and talk things out with her.

Samantha accepts Jerry’s past, but seems less thrilled with his real last name: Jerrod. She peppers her conversations with Yiddish phrases and cooks Harry a massive dinner for their first Shabbat together. However, Harry wants to watch the Mets game during the Shabbos, leading to a huge argument between the two. Charlotte demands that Harry propose to her then and there, but instead, he walks out of her apartment, leaving her as another single Jewish girl in New York.

He thinks that he finally gets one-up on Carrie, but it turns out that the woman is actually from Georgia, not New York. When the date ends, Berger decides not to come upstairs with Carrie, but rather than give up on the relationship, the two talk things out.

Carrie discovers that Berger is still smarting from the commercial failure of his book, the real source of his recent discontent.

With that out of the way, the couple make up and resume their perfect relationship. Berger initially feels like a fish out of water in the upscale retailer, but a few comped glasses of champagne help him to relax. Unfortunately, no amount of alcohol can help him deal with the sticker shock brought on by the price of a shirt that Carrie wants him to buy.

After leaving Prada, Carrie tells Berger about her advance over a lunch date. She then gives him the Prada shirt as a celebratory gift, making him feel very uncomfortable. Carrie begins to feel guilty, afraid that she’s been rubbing her success in Berger’s face, and that buying the expensive shirt may have been a bad idea.

She works her magic to add buzz to the show, but not before officially changing his name from Jerry Jerrod to Smith Jerrod. Charlotte is still smarting from being dumped by Harry, while Miranda’s feelings for Steve continue to grow. Charlotte goes to Anthony for dating advice, but even he can’t brighten her spirits. Luckily, Miranda’s self-respect wins out, and the cupcakes remain unfinished. Carrie invites Berger, but he shocks her by picking her up for the premiere on his motorcycle.

Carrie risks getting a bad case of helmet hair, and winds up petrified by the speed at which Berger drives across the Brooklyn Bridge. When they finally stop, an argument ensues. After much soul-baring, things seem to resolve themselves The play is a huge success largely due to Smith , but Carrie’s future with Berger is in question.

Sadly, this is the least of her problems, as her relationship with Berger is becoming more and more forced by the moment. The once easy banter is being gradually replaced with bickering, and the couple decide to take a week-long break after a particularly difficult date. Equally imperiled is the bond between Miranda and baby Brady.

Miranda’s career puts more and more demands on her time, and Brady begins to see Magda as his mother figure since his real mother is never home. This all proves too much for Miranda, so she tells her office that she’s going to be cutting back her hours The office isn’t happy with this decision, but the rift between mother and child is healed. Now that she’s become active in her synagogue, she finds herself as the target of several matchmakers, all of whom set her up on painfully bad outings.

Just when things look their bleakest, Charlotte sees Harry at a mixer, begging his forgiveness, and receiving it, along with a quickly accepted wedding proposal. Her guidance of Smith’s career is going swimmingly.

Smith is initially unhappy with the ad campaign, since it leads to him getting attention without getting any real work. Samantha tells him to relax, and is proven right when Smith gets cast in a Gus Van Sant film. Big offers advice via a transcontinental phone call, while Miranda weighs in from her apartment. Ultimately, it looks as if Carrie and Berger will need to separate Unfortunately, Berger’s heart just isn’t in it, and while she sleeps, Berger leaves Carrie in the dead of night, breaking it off via a solitary Post-it note stuck to her computer screen.

Hobbes, Jonathan won’t be coming down. The good news is that Charlotte and Harry are engaged Carrie swears that she will refrain from giving Berger the satisfaction of an angry message, but winds up inadvertantly leaving one after badmouthing him to some of his friends at an exclusive club. Her ring is enormous and patterned after the one given by Richard Burton to Elizabeth Taylor , and all seems well.

All, that is, except for the nagging feeling that somehow this second marriage will be somewhat less special than her first. She tells the girls that this wedding will be far less elaborate than the last, releasing them from bridesmaid duties.

Charlotte’s attitude changes after running into a enthusiastic barhopping bridal party, rejuvenating her spirits and causing her to re-enlist her friends as bridesmaids.

Her confidence soars, and she finds herself able to easily speak with the type of men that had been intimidating her. The jeans eventually split, but Miranda’s positive new outlook remains. She gives him a fabulous pair of Robert Marc sunglasses and coaches him to say that he’s single when he makes an appearance on TRL, maximizing his teenage scream potential and keeping a comfortable distance between the pair.

The plan backfires on Sam when she sees the broadcast and finds that she doesn’t like hearing Smith declare his availability on national television. Samantha manages to score a joint in the bar, along with a man to potentially keep her mind off of Smith. Unfortunately, the man’s girlfriend takes exception to this, chasing Carrie and Samantha out of the bar.

The pair light the joint to take the edge off of their problems, but it just gets worse when Carrie gets busted for posession. The girls then convene over shared banana splits, laughing as a very long day comes to an end.

I have the most terrible fear of heights! Try as she might, Carrie just can’t allow herself to let go of the bar and allow her instructor to catch her. While relating this situation to the girls, Harry appears and introduces Carrie to his best man for the upcoming nuptials. After much coaxing, Carrie allows herself a one-nighter with her fellow member of the wedding party, but winds up wildly unsatisfied after he proves to be a less than sensitive lover.

Miranda finds herself hiding underneath her bed nestled next to Fatty when Steve drops by unexpectedly with his girlfriend Debbie. Miranda realizes that if she were to actually meet Debbie, she’d have to admit that Steve has found somebody else, and that’s not something that she’s overly eager to do. Equally troubled is Samantha, for loathe as she may be to admit it, Samantha realizes that she definitely likes having Smith around.

She misses his helping hands in removing stubborn bracelets, but even moreso, she wants him around due to her ever-growing affection for the actor. First, Harry sees Charlotte while she tries on her gown, sending Charlotte into a panic. The Sunday Times wedding announcement is ruined with an ink stain on the image of Charlotte’s face making her look somewhat like a certain WWII dictator.

Then at the ceremony, Charlotte manages to spill wine on herself, Harry is unable to smash the ceremonial glass, the best man Carrie’s fling gives a raucous drunken toast and Miranda accidentally sets her tribute to the couple ablaze.

From that moment on, Charlotte enjoys the festivities, and happily anticipates her life with Harry. However, as the girls cheer her on from the sidelines, she realizes that with friends like that, she’ll always have a safety net.

Upon arriving, they discover that Kyra’s house rules include the removal of all footwear, regardless if doing so will destroy a carefully crafted outfit. The evening is pleasant enough, but when Carrie plans to leave the party, she discovers that her brand new Manolos have been stolen.

Carrie winds up leaving the apartment with no compensation, and a sense of shoe-induced shame. She wonders if she has somehow made a mistake by choosing the lifestyle that she did, rather than the more traditional one chosen by Kyra.

Luckily, one person solves all three problems, as Dr. Robert Leeds takes the vacancy and helps Miranda care for her sick child. She manages to get him to agree to stop leaving his used teabags all over the apartment, but she finds it more difficult to get used to the sight of him walking around the apartment in the nude. Charlotte doesn’t say anything, but when Harry puts his naked form on her new white couch, she puts her foot down, and he agrees to wear shorts around the house from then on.

While a child babbles loudly in the background, Sam is admonished for daring to speak on a cell phone. Wildly frustrated by the double-standard, Samantha approaches the table with the child, but winds up with a face full of pesto for her troubles. Carrie then gets a brainstorm Bradshaw registers herself at Manolo Blahnik, in recognition of her just-announced marriage to herself.

The pair broke up in High School, but their chemistry leads them to instantly reconnect. Everything seems perfect, until he reveals one fairly shocking bit of information Luckily for Sam, she finds a misplaced ID card that grants her access to the club, so long as she doesn’t mind answering to the name Annabelle Bronstein. Unfortunately, a SoHo employee blows the lid off the deception, causing Samantha to beat a hasty retreat back into the sweltering Manhattan streets.

Leeds’ application to live in her apartment building proves to be one of the best decisions that Miranda has made in some time. The good doctor gives Miranda courtside seats to a Knicks game, but she isn’t exactly thrilled to see a cheerleader flirting with him after the event.

Later, Miranda thanks Robert for the tickets, and he comes clean with his feelings for her, sparking a romance. Stanford and Marcus run into Charlotte and Anthony during lunch, and the wedding planner recognizes Marcus as somebody that previously worked as a male escort advertising in ‘Honcho’ under the nom d’homme ‘Paul’. Charlotte accidentally lets this bit of information make its way to Stanford, leading him to break it off with Marcus.

She even goes to visit him in the facility, discovering that he is easily the most sane person on the grounds. Unfortunately, Jeremy tells her that he’s going to be in the instituation for another eight to ten months, smashing any potential that the two may have had as a couple. Even so, Carrie concludes that it was actually the sanest breakup that she’s ever been through. Carrie does not react well to this news, breaking down into tears whenever the subject comes up.

The waterworks don’t subside, even when Carrie visits Big after the procedure, making her realize that Big is somebody that will always be under her skin. Luckily or unluckily , this problem is solved for her when Steve walks in on the couple during a vigourous lovemaking session held in Miranda’s apartment. The awkward meetings continue a few days later when Steve brings Debbie to meet Miranda, an encounter that suggest some residual feelings between Steve and Miranda.

She learns that Bitsy attributes her condition to the wonderful treatments of a Dr. After a couple of visits and scores of accupuncture needles , Charlotte finds that she’s not able to center herself properly, since she can’t block out all of the native noises of New York.

Eventually, she abandons the treatments, attempting to get pregant without any help from far Eastern medicine. Samantha is so eager to refrain from the PDA that she actually trips and falls down an open hatch on the sidewalk. Smith isn’t having any of this, telling Samantha in no uncertain terms that he loves her, and wants to be able to express his feelings.

Samantha grudingly accepts, realizing that maybe a little hand-holding isn’t so bad after all. Playing a hunch, she tracks him down at the Four Seasons Hotel, determined to help him recover. She makes the visit dressed as a candy striper, entertaining the patient with two boxes of dominos. After some light conversation, Big suddenly falls ill with a high fever. In a feverish delerium, Big opens up, and he and Carrie begin to wonder why they aren’t together. But when the fever passes completely the next morning, Big is back to his old, closed-heart self.

The area east of the divide in the state’s north-central portion is known for the Missouri Breaks and other significant rock formations. Montana has thousands of named rivers and creeks, [] miles km of which are known for “blue-ribbon” trout fishing.

Montana is one of few geographic areas in the world whose rivers form parts of three major watersheds i. All waters in Montana west of the divide flow into the Columbia River. East of the divide the Missouri River , which is formed by the confluence of the Jefferson , Madison , and Gallatin Rivers near Three Forks , [] flows due north through the west-central part of the state to Great Falls.

Hell Roaring Creek begins in southern Montana, and when combined with the Red Rock , Beaverhead , Jefferson , Missouri, and Mississippi River , is the longest river in North America and the fourth longest river in the world. There they join the Saskatchewan River , which ultimately empties into Hudson Bay. Montana has some 3, named lakes and reservoirs, including Flathead Lake , the largest natural freshwater lake in the western United States.

Mary Lake in Glacier National Park. The largest reservoir in the state is Fort Peck Reservoir on the Missouri river, which is contained by the second largest earthen dam and largest hydraulically filled dam in the world. Vegetation of the state includes lodgepole pine , ponderosa pine , Douglas fir , larch , spruce , aspen , birch , red cedar , hemlock , ash , alder , rocky mountain maple and cottonwood trees. Flowers native to Montana include asters , bitterroots , daisies , lupins , poppies , primroses , columbine , lilies , orchids , and dryads.

Several species of sagebrush and cactus and many species of grasses are common. Many species of mushrooms and lichens [] are also found in the state. Montana is home to diverse fauna including 14 amphibian , [] 90 fish, [] mammal , [] 20 reptile , [] and bird [] species. Additionally, more than 10, invertebrate species are present, including mollusks and 30 crustaceans.

Montana has the largest grizzly bear population in the lower 48 states. Federal and state agencies administer approximately 31,, acres , km 2 , or 35 percent of Montana’s land. The U. Department of Agriculture Forest Service administers 16,, acres 68, km 2 of forest land in ten National Forests. There are approximately 3,, acres 13, km 2 of wilderness in 12 separate wilderness areas that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System established by the Wilderness Act of Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management controls 8,, acres 33, km 2 of federal land.

Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service administers , acres km 2 of 1. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation administers approximately , acres 1, km 2 of land and water surface in the state. The Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation manages 5,, acres 21, km 2 of School Trust Land ceded by the federal government under the Land Ordinance of to the state in when Montana was granted statehood.

These lands are managed by the state for the benefit of public schools and institutions in the state. Areas managed by the National Park Service include: [].

Montana is a large state with considerable variation in geography, topography and elevation, and the climate is equally varied. The state spans from below the 45th parallel the line equidistant between the equator and North Pole to the 49th parallel , and elevations range from under 2, feet m to nearly 13, feet 4, m above sea level.

The western half is mountainous, interrupted by numerous large valleys. The Continental Divide has a considerable effect on the climate, as it restricts the flow of warmer air from the Pacific from moving east, and drier continental air from moving west.

The area west of the divide has a modified northern Pacific Coast climate, with milder winters, cooler summers, less wind, and a longer growing season. Throughout the state, summer nights are generally cool and pleasant.

Extreme hot weather is less common above 4, feet or 1, meters. The coldest temperature on record for Montana is also the coldest temperature for the contiguous United States.

The front is often well defined, causing a large temperature drop in a hour period. Conversely, air flow from the southwest results in ” chinooks “.

Loma is the site of the most extreme recorded temperature change in a hour period in the United States. Average annual precipitation is 15 inches mm , but great variations are seen. The mountain ranges block the moist Pacific air, holding moisture in the western valleys, and creating rain shadows to the east. Heron , in the west, receives the most precipitation , On the eastern leeward side of a mountain range, the valleys are much drier; Lonepine averages The mountains can receive over inches 2, mm , for example the Grinnell Glacier in Glacier National Park gets inches 2, mm.

Most of the larger cities get 30 to 50 inches or 0. Mountain ranges can accumulate inches or 7. Heavy snowstorms may occur from September through May, though most snow falls from November to March. The climate has become warmer in Montana [ when? Previously, these cold spells had killed off bark beetles , but these are now attacking the forests of western Montana.

The table below lists average temperatures for the warmest and coldest month for Montana’s seven largest cities. The coldest month varies between December and January depending on location, although figures are similar throughout. Montana is one of only two contiguous states along with Colorado that are antipodal to land.

No towns are precisely antipodal to Kerguelen, though Chester and Rudyard are close. Montana has 56 counties and a total of “places” as defined by the United States Census Bureau ; the latter comprising incorporated places and census-designated places. The incorporated places are made up of 52 cities, 75 towns, and two consolidated city-counties.

Montana has one city, Billings , with a population over ,; and three cities with populations over 50, Missoula , Great Falls and Bozeman. Collectively all of these areas excluding Havre are known informally as the “big seven”, as they are consistently the seven largest communities in the state their rank order in terms of population is Billings, Missoula, Great Falls, Bozeman, Butte, Helena and Kalispell, according to the U. The geographic center of population of Montana is in sparsely populated Meagher County , in the town of White Sulphur Springs.

According to the census, Montana has a larger Native American population, both numerically and as a percentage, than most U. Ranked 45th in population by the Census it is 19th in native people, [] who are 6. As of , almost two-thirds of Native Americans in the state live in urban areas. While the largest European-American population in Montana overall is German which may also include Austrian and Swiss, among other groups , pockets of significant Scandinavian ancestry are prevalent in some of the farming-dominated northern and eastern prairie regions, parallel to nearby regions of North Dakota and Minnesota.

Farmers of Irish, Scots, and English roots also settled in Montana. The historically mining-oriented communities of western Montana such as Butte have a wider range of European-American ethnicity; Finns , Eastern Europeans and especially Irish settlers left an indelible mark on the area, as well as people originally from British mining regions such as Cornwall , Devon , and Wales. The nearby city of Helena, also founded as a mining camp, had a similar mix in addition to a small Chinatown.

Hutterite population, with several colonies spread across the state. Beginning in the mids, the state also had an influx of Amish , who moved to Montana from the increasingly urbanized areas of Ohio and Pennsylvania. Montana’s Hispanic population is concentrated in the Billings area in south-central Montana, where many of Montana’s Mexican-Americans have been in the state for generations. The Chinese in Montana, while a low percentage today, have been an important presence.

About — Chinese miners were in the mining areas of Montana by , and in However, public opinion grew increasingly negative toward them in the s, and nearly half of the state’s Asian population left the state by In the United States census estimates, Montana had the second-highest percentage of U. Only the state of Alaska had a higher percentage with Alaska having roughly 14 percent of its population over 18 being veterans and Montana having roughly 12 percent of its population over 18 being veterans.

About 66, people of Native American heritage live in Montana. Stemming from multiple treaties and federal legislation, including the Indian Appropriations Act , the Dawes Act , and the Indian Reorganization Act , seven Indian reservations, encompassing 11 federally recognized tribal nations, were created in Montana. A 12th nation, the Little Shell Chippewa is a ” landless ” people headquartered in Great Falls ; it is recognized by the state of Montana, but not by the U.

Montana’s Constitution specifically reads, “the state recognizes the distinct and unique cultural heritage of the American Indians and is committed in its educational goals to the preservation of their cultural integrity. The Indian Education for All Act was passed in to provide funding for this mandate and ensure implementation. The University of Montana “was the first to establish dual admission agreements with all of the tribal colleges and as such it was the first institution in the nation to actively facilitate student transfer from the tribal colleges.

Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. English is the official language in the state of Montana, as it is in many U. According to the Census , The largest denominations in Montana as of were the Catholic Church with , adherents, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 46, adherents, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 38, adherents, and nondenominational Evangelical Protestant with 27, adherents.

As of [update] , the U. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Archived from the original on April 6, Montana is a relative hub of beer microbrewing , ranking third in the nation in number of craft breweries per capita in Ecotaxes on resource extraction are numerous. Montana , U. Tourism is also important to the economy, with more than ten million visitors a year to Glacier National Park, Flathead Lake, the Missouri River headwaters, the site of the Battle of Little Bighorn , and three of the five entrances to Yellowstone National Park.

Montana’s personal income tax contains seven brackets, with rates ranging from 1. However, property taxes are assessed on livestock, farm machinery, heavy equipment, automobiles, trucks, and business equipment. The amount of property tax owed is not determined solely by the property’s value. The property’s value is multiplied by a tax rate, set by the Montana Legislature, to determine its taxable value. The taxable value is then multiplied by the mill levy established by various taxing jurisdictions—city and county government, school districts, and others.

In the s the absence of a sales tax became economically deleterious to communities bound to the state’s tourism industry, as the revenue from income and property taxes provided by residents was grossly insignificant in regards to paying for the impact of non-residential travel—especially road repair. In , the Montana Legislature passed a law allowing towns with fewer than 5, residents and unincorporated communities with fewer than 2, to levy a resort tax if more than half the community’s income came from tourism.

The resort tax is a sales tax that applies to hotels, motels and other lodging and camping facilities; restaurants, fast-food stores, and other food service establishments; taverns, bars, night clubs, lounges, or other public establishments that serve alcohol; as well as destination ski resorts or other destination recreational facilities. It also applies to “luxuries”- defined by law as any item normally sold to the public or to transient visitors or tourists that does not include food purchased unprepared or unserved, medicine, medical supplies and services, appliances, hardware supplies and tools, or any necessities of life.

This extremely disproportionate ratio of residents paying taxes vs. As of August [update] , the state’s unemployment rate is 3. The Montana University System consists of:. The Montana Territory was formed on April 26, , when the U. The first schools were subscription schools that typically met in the teacher’s home. The first formal school on record was at Fort Owen in Bitterroot valley in The students were Indian children and the children of Fort Owen employees. The first school term started in early winter and lasted only until February Classes were taught by Mr.

The first school year ran through the summer and did not end until August One of the first teachers at the school was Sarah Raymond. She was a year-old woman who had traveled to Virginia City via wagon train in With the help of an assistant teacher, Mrs. Farley, [] Raymond was responsible for teaching 50 to 60 students each day out of the 81 students enrolled at the school.

No textbooks were used in the school. In their place was an assortment of books brought by various emigrants. Many well-known artists, photographers and authors have documented the land, culture and people of Montana in the last years. Painter and sculptor Charles Marion Russell , known as “the cowboy artist”, created more than 2, paintings of cowboys, Native Americans, and landscapes set in the Western United States and in Alberta , Canada.

Russell Museum Complex in Great Falls, Montana , houses more than 2, Russell artworks, personal objects, and artifacts. Pioneering feminist author, film-maker, and media personality Mary MacLane attained international fame in with her memoir of three months in her life in Butte , The Story of Mary MacLane.

She referred to Butte throughout the rest of her career and remains a controversial figure there for her mixture of criticism and love for Butte and its people. Evelyn Cameron , a naturalist and photographer from Terry documented early 20th-century life on the Montana prairie, taking startlingly clear pictures of everything around her: cowboys, sheepherders, weddings, river crossings, freight wagons, people working, badlands, eagles, coyotes and wolves.

Many notable Montana authors have documented or been inspired by life in Montana in both fiction and non-fiction works. There are no major league sports franchises in Montana due to the state’s relatively small and dispersed population, but a number of minor league teams play in the state. Baseball is the minor-league sport with the longest heritage in the state and Montana is home to three independent teams, all members of the Pioneer League : the Billings Mustangs , Great Falls Voyagers , and Missoula Osprey.

All of Montana’s four-year colleges and universities field intercollegiate sports teams. The two largest schools, the University of Montana and Montana State University , are members of the Big Sky Conference and have enjoyed a strong athletic rivalry since the early twentieth century. Six of Montana’s smaller four-year schools are members of the Frontier Conference. A variety of sports are offered at Montana high schools. Montana provides year-round outdoor recreation opportunities for residents and visitors.

Hiking, fishing, hunting, watercraft recreation, camping, golf, cycling, horseback riding, and skiing are popular activities. Montana has been a destination for its world-class trout fisheries since the s. Montana is the home of the Federation of Fly Fishers and hosts many of the organization’s annual conclaves. The state has robust recreational lake trout and kokanee salmon fisheries in the west, walleye can be found in many parts of the state, while northern pike , smallmouth and largemouth bass fisheries as well as catfish and paddlefish can be found in the waters of eastern Montana.

There are fall bow and general hunting seasons for elk , pronghorn antelope , whitetail deer and mule deer. A random draw grants a limited number of permits for moose , mountain goats and bighorn sheep.

There is a spring hunting season for black bear and limited hunting of bison that leave Yellowstone National Park has been allowed. Current law allows both hunters and trappers specified numbers “limits” of wolves and mountain lions.

Trapping of assorted fur-bearing animals is allowed in certain seasons and many opportunities exist for migratory waterfowl and upland bird hunting. Both downhill skiing and cross-country skiing are popular in Montana, and there are 15 developed downhill ski areas open to the public, [] including:.

Big Sky Resort and Whitefish Mountain Resort are destination resorts , while the remaining areas do not have overnight lodging at the ski area, though several host restaurants and other amenities.

Montana also has millions of acres open to cross-country skiing on nine of its national forests and in Glacier National Park.

In addition to cross-country trails at most of the downhill ski areas, there are also 13 private cross-country skiing resorts. Snowmobiling is popular in Montana, which boasts over 4, miles of trails and frozen lakes available in winter.

Montana is ranked as the least obese state in the U. Montana had a suicide rate of During the age of the Copper Kings , each Montana copper company had its own newspaper. This changed in when Lee Enterprises bought several Montana newspapers.

Railroads have been an important method of transportation in Montana since the s. Historically, the state was traversed by the main lines of three east—west transcontinental routes: the Milwaukee Road , the Great Northern , and the Northern Pacific.

Today, the BNSF Railway is the state’s largest railroad, its main transcontinental route incorporating the former Great Northern main line across the state. Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport is the busiest airport in the state of Montana, surpassing Billings Logan International Airport in the spring of Eight smaller communities have airports designated for commercial service under the Essential Air Service program. Historically, U.

Route 10 was the primary east—west highway route across Montana, connecting the major cities in the southern half of the state. Still, the state’s most important east—west travel corridor, the route is today served by Interstate 90 and Interstate 94 which roughly follow the same route as the Northern Pacific.

Routes 2 and 12 and Montana Highway also traverse the entire state from east to west. Montana’s only north—south Interstate Highway is Interstate Other major north—south highways include U. Routes 87 , 89 , 93 and Montana and South Dakota are the only states to share a land border that is not traversed by a paved road.

Highway , the primary paved route between the two, passes through the northeast corner of Wyoming between Montana and South Dakota. Montana is governed by a constitution. The first constitution was drafted by a constitutional convention in , in preparation for statehood. Ninety percent of its language came from an constitution which was never acted upon by Congress for national political reasons. The constitution mimicked the structure of the United States Constitution , as well as outlining almost the same civil and political rights for citizens.

However, the Montana constitution significantly restricted the power of state government, the legislature was much more powerful than the executive branch, and the jurisdiction of the District Courts very specifically described.

In , Montana voters approved the call for a state constitutional convention. A new constitution was drafted, which made the legislative and executive branches much more equal in power and which was much less prescriptive in outlining powers, duties, and jurisdictions.

The constitution was narrowly approved, , to ,, and declared ratified on June 20, Three issues that the constitutional convention was unable to resolve were submitted to voters simultaneously with the proposed constitution. Voters approved the legalization of gambling, a bicameral legislature, and retention of the death penalty. The constitution has been amended 31 times as of Extensive new constitutional rights for victims of crime were approved in The constitution requires that voters determine every 20 years whether to hold a new constitutional convention.

Voters turned down a new convention in 84 percent no [] and again in Montana has three branches of state government: legislative, executive, and judicial. The executive branch is headed by an elected governor. The governor is Greg Gianforte , a Republican elected in There are also nine other statewide elected offices in the executive branch: Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State Auditor who also serves as Commissioner of Securities and Insurance , and Superintendent of Public Instruction.

There are five public service commissioners, who are elected on a regional basis. The Public Service Commission’s jurisdiction is statewide. Elementary and secondary education are overseen by the Office of Public Instruction led by the elected superintendent of public instruction , in cooperation with the governor-appointed Board of Public Education.

Higher education is overseen by a governor-appointed Board of Regents, which in turn appoints a commissioner of higher education. The Office of the Commissioner of Higher Education acts in an executive capacity on behalf of the regents and oversees the state-run Montana University System.

Montana is an alcoholic beverage control state. It is one of five states to have no sales tax. The legislature meets in the Montana State Capitol in Helena in odd-numbered years for 90 days, beginning the first weekday of the year. The deadline for a legislator to introduce a general bill is the 40th legislative day. The deadline for a legislator to introduce an appropriations, revenue, or referenda bill is the 62nd legislative day.

Senators serve four-year terms, while Representatives serve two-year terms. All members are limited to serving no more than eight years in a single year period. The Courts of Montana are established by the Constitution of Montana. The constitution requires the establishment of a Montana Supreme Court and Montana District Courts , and permits the legislature to establish Justice Courts , City Courts , Municipal Courts , and other inferior courts such as the legislature sees fit to establish.

The Montana Supreme Court is the court of last resort in the Montana court system. The constitution of provided for the election of no fewer than three Supreme Court justices, and one chief justice. Each court member served a six-year term. The legislature increased the number of justices to five in The constitution lengthened the term of office to eight years and established the minimum number of justices at five. It allowed the legislature to increase the number of justices by two, which the legislature did in The Montana Supreme Court has the authority to declare acts of the legislature and executive unconstitutional under either the Montana or U.

Its decisions may be appealed directly to the U. Supreme Court. The clerk of the Supreme Court is also an elected position and serves a six-year term. Neither justices nor the clerk is term-limited. Montana District Courts are the courts of general jurisdiction in Montana. There are no intermediate appellate courts. District Courts have jurisdiction primarily over most civil cases, cases involving a monetary claim against the state, felony criminal cases, probate, and cases at law and in equity.

When so authorized by the legislature, actions of executive branch agencies may be appealed directly to a District Court. The District Courts also have de novo appellate jurisdiction from inferior courts city courts, justice courts, and municipal courts , and oversee naturalization proceedings. District Court judges are elected and serve six-year terms. They are not term-limited. There are 22 judicial districts in Montana, served by 56 District Courts and 46 District Court judges.

The District Courts suffer from excessive workload, and the legislature has struggled to find a solution to the problem. They are overseen by District Court judges. They consist of a chief probation officer, one or more juvenile probation officers, and support staff. Youth Courts have jurisdiction over misdemeanor and felony acts committed by those charged as a juvenile under the law. There is a Youth Court in every judicial district, and decisions of the Youth Court are appealable directly to the Montana Supreme Court.

There is a single Workers’ Compensation Court. It has a single judge, appointed by the governor. The court hears cases arising under the Montana Workers’ Compensation Act and is the court of original jurisdiction for reviews of orders and regulations issued by the Montana Department of Labor and Industry.

Decisions of the court are appealable directly to the Montana Supreme Court. The court employs 12 permanent special masters. The Montana Judicial Nomination Commission develops short lists of nominees for all five Water Judges, who are then appointed by the Chief justice of the Montana Supreme Court subject to confirmation by the Montana Senate.

The Water Court adjudicates water rights claims under the Montana Water Use Act of and has statewide jurisdiction. District Courts have the authority to enforce decisions of the Water Court, but only the Montana Supreme Court has the authority to review decisions of the Water Court.

From to , elections for judicial office in Montana were partisan. Beginning in , these elections became nonpartisan. The Montana Supreme Court struck down the nonpartisan law in on technical grounds, but a new law was enacted in which barred political parties from endorsing, making contributions to, or making expenditures on behalf of or against judicial candidates.

In , the U. Bullock , U. Although candidates must remain nonpartisan, spending by partisan entities is now permitted. Constitution provides each state with two senators. Montana’s two U. Constitution provides each state with a single representative, with additional representatives apportioned based on population. From statehood in until , Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by a single representative, elected at-large.

Montana received a second representative in , following the census and reapportionment. Both members, however, were still elected at-large. Beginning in , Montana moved to district, rather than at-large, elections for its two House members. This created Montana’s 1st congressional district in the west and Montana’s 2nd congressional district in the east. In the reapportionment following the census, Montana lost one of its House seats. The remaining seat was again elected at-large.

Matt Rosendale is the current officeholder. In the reapportionment following the census, Montana regained a House seat, increasing the state’s number of representatives in the House to two after a thirty-year break, starting from Montana’s Senate district is the fourth largest by area, behind Alaska, Texas, and California. The most notorious of Montana’s early senators was William A. Clark , a ” Copper King ” and one of the 50 richest Americans ever.

He is well known for having bribed his way into the U. Among Montana’s most historically prominent senators are Thomas J. Walsh serving from to , who was President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt’s choice for attorney general when he died; Burton K. Wheeler serving from to , an oft-mentioned presidential candidate and strong supporter of isolationism; Mike Mansfield , the longest-serving Senate majority leader in U. Montana’s House district is the largest congressional district in the United States by population, with just over 1,, constituents.

It is the second-largest House district by area, after Alaska’s at-large congressional district. Of Montana’s House delegates, Jeannette Rankin was the first woman to hold national office in the United States when she was elected to the U. House of Representatives in Carter , the first Catholic to serve as chairman of the Republican National Committee from to Three former Montana politicians have been named judges on the U.

House of Representatives from to , James F. Battin who served in the U. House of Representatives from to , and Paul G. Hatfield who served as an appointed U. Senator in Brian Morris , who served as an associate justice of the Montana Supreme Court from to , currently serves as a judge on the court. Elections in the state have been historically competitive, particularly for state-level offices.

The Democratic Party ‘s strength in the state is gained from support among unionized miners and railroad workers, while farmers generally vote Republican. Montana has a history of voters splitting their tickets and filling elected offices with individuals from both parties.

Through the midth century, the state had a tradition of “sending the liberals to Washington and the conservatives to Helena”. Between and , the pattern flipped, with voters more likely to elect conservatives to federal offices. There have also been long-term shifts in party control. From through , the state was dominated by the Democratic Party, with Democratic governors for a year period, and a Democratic majority of both the national congressional delegation and during many sessions of the state legislature.

This pattern shifted, beginning with the election when Montana elected a Republican governor for the first time since and sent a Republican to the U. Senate for the first time since This shift continued with the reapportionment of the state’s legislative districts that took effect in , when the Republican Party took control of both chambers of the state legislature, consolidating a Republican party dominance that lasted until the reapportionment produced more swing districts and a brief period of Democratic legislative majorities in the mids.

Montana has voted for the Republican nominee in all but two presidential elections since However, since the state has voted for Democratic governors 60 percent of the time, and Republican governors 40 percent of the time. In the presidential election , Montana was considered a swing state and was ultimately won by Republican John McCain by a narrow margin of two percent. At the state level, the pattern of split-ticket voting and divided government holds.

Democrats hold one of the state’s two U. Senate seats with Jon Tester. The lone congressional district has been Republican since , and its Class 2 Senate seat has been held by Republican Steve Daines since The two chambers of the state’s legislature had split party control from to , when that year’s mid-term elections decisively returned both branches to Republican control. The Montana Senate is, as of , controlled by Republicans 31 to 19, and the House of Representatives is currently 67 to Historically, Republicans are strongest in the east, while Democrats are strongest in the west.

Montana has only one representative in the U. House, having lost its second district in the census reapportionment. However it will get its second district back due to reapportionment following the census. Montana’s at-large congressional district holds the largest population of any district in the country, which means its one member in the House of Representatives represents more people than any other member of the U.

House see List of U. In a study, Montana was ranked as the 21st easiest state for citizens to vote in. Media related to Montana at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 9 August This article is about the U. For other uses, see Montana disambiguation. For other uses, see Montanan disambiguation.

State in the United States. Granite Peak [3] [4]. Kootenai River at Idaho border [3] [4]. Flag of Montana. Main article: History of Montana. See also: List of military installations in Montana. Main articles: Admission to the Union and List of U. Reporting statehood from Helena: Full article text is here. This article in a Butte newspaper celebrates “the blessings of true citizenship”.

See also: List of rivers of Montana and List of lakes in Montana. See also: List of Montana state parks. See also: List of cities and towns in Montana and List of counties in Montana. Religion in Montana religion percent Protestant. See also: Montana locations by per capita income and List of power stations in Montana.

Main articles: List of radio stations in Montana and List of television stations in Montana. Main article: Transportation in Montana. Main article: Montana State Government. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Further information: Political party strength in Montana and Elections in Montana. United States portal. In general, the grizzly bear and Canadian lynx are not threatened species; the IUCN lists both as “least concern”. United States Census Bureau.

September Retrieved April 11, Archived from the original on February 3, Retrieved February 2, Archived from the original on April 26, Retrieved April 30, US Census Bureau. July 1, Retrieved May 28, Bozeman Daily Chronicle.

Retrieved June 21, Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana. Rocky Mountain Publishing Company. Fall